ผู้เขียน หัวข้อ: Serial Killer Definition  (อ่าน 111 ครั้ง)

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กุมภาพันธ์ 27, 2017, 10:49:53 PM
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Serial Killer Definition
Like certain other terms—obscenity, for example—serial killing is surprisingly tricky to define. Part of the problem is that police definitions tend to differ from popular conceptions. According to some experts, a serial killer is any murderer who commits more than one random slaying with a break between the crimes. There is certainly some validity to this viewpoint. If (for example) Ted Bundy had been caught after committing only a couple of atrocities, he wouldn’t have gained worldwide notoriety—but he still would have been what he was: a demented personality capable of the most depraved acts of violence. Still, it’s hard to think of someone as a serial killer unless he’s killed a whole string of victims.

How many victims constitute a “string”? Again, it’s hard to be precise. The most infamous serial killers—Bundy, Gacy, Dahmer, etc.—are the ones responsible for double-digit murders. Most experts seem to agree, however, that to qualify as a serial killer, an individual has to slay a minimum of three unrelated victims.
The notion of a string implies something else besides sheer number. A serial killer must perpetrate a number of random killings with an emotional “cooling-off” period between each crime. This hiatus—which can last anywhere from hours to years—is what distinguishes the serial killer from the Mass Murderer, the homicidal nut who erupts in an explosion of insane violence, killing a whole group of people all at once. Thus, the official FBI definition of serial homicide is “three or more separate events with an emotional cooling-off period between homicides, each murder taking place at a different location.”
There are several problems with this definition, however. For one thing, not all serial killers commit their murders in different locations. The nearly three dozen victims of John Wayne Gacy, for example, all met their horrible deaths in the basement of his suburban ranch house. And there are murderers who commit three or more separate homicides over extended periods of time who aren’t serial killers: mob hitmen, for example.
What distinguishes a professional hitman from a serial killer, however, is that one kills for money—it’s his job—while the other kills purely for depraved pleasure. A hitman may enjoy his work, but murder isn’t his primary source of sexual gratification. The situation is different with psychos like Gacy, who reach the heights of ecstasy while perpetrating their atrocities. According to many experts, in other words, true serial killer always involves an element of unspeakable sexual Sadism.

Taking these issues into account, the National Institute of Justice offers a definition we find more useful than the FBI’s: “A series of two or more murders, committed as separate events, usually but not always committed by one offender acting alone. The crimes may occur over a period of time ranging from hours to years. Quite often the motive is psychological, and the offender’s behavior and the physical evidence observed at the crime scenes will reflect sadistic, sexual overtones.”

กุมภาพันธ์ 27, 2017, 10:51:44 PM
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KATY & TAYLOR STILL AT ODDS
Katy Perry would like to wipe away her bad blood with Taylor Swift. During a May 22 appearance on CBS host James Corden’s latest Carpool Karaoke segment, the 32-year-old said she would drop the years-long feud if Swift, 27, reached out. “There’s a situation. Honestly, it’s really, like, she started it, and it’s time for her to finish it,” Katy Perry said of the 10-time Grammy winner. Explaining that the dispute began with a conflict over three backup dancers, Perry claimed, “I tried to talk to her about it, and she wouldn’t speak to me.” A Swift insider doesn’t expect that to change now that Katy Perry has released “Swish Swish,” a response to Swift’s 2014 anthem “Bad Blood.” Notes the source of the lyrics, “Katy perry insinuates she wants Taylor Swift in a casket and says she’s ‘tired and needs to retire.’ ” Another pal says Taylor Swift is just sick of the drama: “Taylor honestly wants no part of this.”

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มีนาคม 12, 2017, 12:34:20 AM
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20 CELEBS WHO DON'T LIKE TAYLOR SWIFT

Taylor swift started off as a sweet and nice country singer, but she has definitely burned more than a few bridges throughout her career. Here's the list of 20 celebrities who just can't stand her.

1. John Mayer



Taylor dated John when she was 19 and he was 32. After their breakup, she released "Dear John" and bashed him for dating her while she was so young. John says the song "humiliated" him.

2. Edward Droste



When a tabloid magazine called Taylor a "Mean Girl," Edward Droste retweeted the image along with the caption that read, "obsessed that people are catching on."

3. Chlo? Grace Moretz



Taylor Swift ask Chlo? grace Moretz to be in her girl squad, but Chlo? declined because she thought Taylor's "squad-specific exclusivity" went against everything that she believed in.

4. Camilla Belle



Taylor Swift wrote "Better Than Revenge" which included route lyrics about Camila. Camila later became an Anti-Swift after siding with nicki minaj in her Twitter battle against the singer.

5. Miley Cyrus



Taylor Swift called Miley Cyrus and Robin Thicke's 2013 MTV VMA performance "Grotesque." Miley fought back by saying Taylor was a "frigid ice princess who bored Harry Styles out of bed."

6. Zayn Malik



A Twitter user compared Taylor's letter to Apple music to a quote from Miley Cyrus saying she doesn't care if she gets paid for her music. Zayn retweeted the message, and many believed he was anti-Taylor.

7. Tina Fey and Amy Poehler



At the 2013 Golden Globes, co-hosts Tina Fey and Amy Poehler mocked Taylor's love life by saying, "you know what Taylor Swift? You stay away from Michael J. Fox's son.

8. Justin Bieber



Justin chose his side in the kanye and Kim versus Taylor feud by posting a screenshot from his face time session with Kanye. The caption read, Taylor Swift what up."

9. Kendall Jenner



When Kim Kardashian leaked audio and video of taylor agreeing to being mentioned in Kanye's song "Famous," Kendall sided with Kim by "liking" many anti Taylor Swift tweets on Twitter,

10. Barack Obama



President Obama poked fun at Taylor Swift by saying, "Republicans fell in love with this thing and now they can't stop talking about how much they hate it. It's like we're trapped in a Taylor Swift album."

11. Drake Bell



When he was asked about Taylor Swift and Harry Styles hooking up again, Drake Bell describes the reconciliation as Taylor "making rounds" as a way to mock her tumultuous love life.

12. Diplo



When Diplo began dating Taylor's frenemy Katy Perry, he came to Katie's defense by making fun of Taylor's butt. Diplo tweeted, "someone should make a Kickstarter to get taylor swift a booty."

13. Pharrell Williams



Taylor Swift was dancing the night away at the billboard music awards, and cameras caught Pharrell Williams giving her the side-eye. Many assumed he definitely wasn't a fan of hers.

14. Kim Kardashian



Kim got so tired of taylor playing the victim, so on national sneak day, she tweeted," they have holidays for everybody, I mean everything these days!" in reference to the singer.

15. Lorde



Lorde called out Taylor and her good girl Act in an interview by saying, "Taylor swift is so flawless, and so unattainable, and I don't think it's breeding anything good in young girls."

16. Demi Lovato



When asked about her feud with Taylor, Demi said "there are women that I don't get along with, and that's fine."

17. Orlando Bloom



Orlando Bloom got so fed up as Taylor's neighbor, he had to move out of his new york apartment. Apparently, paparazzi would swarm their complex to get shots of taylor, and he got fed up.

18. Calvin Harris



Taylor Swift revealed she wrote ex-boyfriend Calvin Harris's song "this is what you came for" after they agreed to keep her involvement a secret. Calvin then tweeted, "I know you're off tour and you need someone new to try and bury like Katy Perry but I'm not that guy, sorry. I won't allow it.

19. Kanye West



Despite all the drama surrounding his song "Famous," Kanye took another dig at Taylor by featuring her naked wax figure lying in bed with him in the song's music video.

20. Katy Perry



Taylor Swift told "Rolling Stone" magazine there's a certain celeb who she thought was her friend, but she wasn't. Katie responded by tweeting, "watch out for the Regina George in sheep's clothing."

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มีนาคม 18, 2017, 11:52:21 PM
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Space flight alters DNA

Scott Kelly’s historic 340-day mission
aboard the International Space Station had
an unexpected effect on his DNA, reports
CNN.com. In the year since his return,
NASA has been investigating how the
astronaut’s time beyond Earth’s protective
magnetic field affected his mind and body,
using his twin brother, Mark, a retired
astronaut, as a point of comparison. In a
surprising discovery, preliminary results
from the Twins Study have suggested that
Kelly’s telomeres—caps at the ends of
chromosomes that help protect DNA from
damage—grew longer during the mission.
Telomeres typically get shorter as people
age, a process that can be accelerated by
poor diet, stress, and lack of exercise.
Scientists aren’t sure why Kelly’s telomeres
lengthened but speculate that his enhanced
exercise regimen and reduced caloric intake
may have played a part. The Twins Study
also found that Kelly’s cognitive speed and
accuracy slowed, but only slightly—a boost
to NASA’s hopes for a crewed mission to
Mars. John Charles, the space agency’s chief
scientist, says the results are “reassuring,”
as they suggest “a year in space is not significantly
more stressful than six months.”

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มีนาคม 18, 2017, 11:56:18 PM
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Five ways to repurpose a yoga mat

????????As a mudroom throw: Keeping your
entrance clean just got easier. A yoga mat—
used as is or cut in half—can line a closet
floor or just catch muddy boots near your
busiest entrance.
????????As a bulletin board: Grab an old picture
frame, cut the mat to fit, and hang it in a
kid’s room or workshop. Just make sure to
clean the mat first with mild soap.

As insulation: Gaps around pipes or at
windows and doors can let in a lot of cold
air. Cut the mat into strips and plug up
those cracks.

As furniture pads: Make custom-trimmed
pads and place them under the feet of your
sofa and chairs to keep them from scratching
wooden floors.

As a jar opener: Cut a 5-inch square out
of the mat, clean it well, and stash it in a
kitchen drawer. You’ll be happy to have it
the next time a jar top puts up a fight.
Source: Woman’s Day

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มีนาคม 19, 2017, 12:05:47 AM
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5 FACTS ABOUT The Nice Guys

A mismatched pair of private eyes investigates the apparent suicide of a porn star in 1970s Los Angeles.

1. In the elevator scene, the same music plays in the background as in the elevator scene in The Blues Brothers (1980).
2. Russell Crowe and Ryan Gosling were both child actors who dropped out of high school to pursue their careers, and never had formal training in acting.
3. Shane Black has also directed Lethal Weapon, Iron Man 3, and Kiss Kiss Bang Bang.
4. Similarly to the studio’s marketing campaign for Inherent Vice (2014), Warner Bros. released a 70s-style trailer, complete with Betamax artifacts, an optical soundtrack audio crackle, and an “introducing” credit for
Kim Basinger.
5. Jack Kilmer – who plays the character of Chet - is the son of Val Kilmer. Shane Black directed Val in Kiss Kiss Bang Bang (2005).

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มีนาคม 25, 2017, 02:02:31 AM
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10 New discover around the world
1. Speedy gene editing is being used in humans for the first time
CRISPR is a ground-breaking form of gene editing, and there are hopes that it could be used to help fight cancer. The procedure is being trialled in both China and the US, and aims to alter immune cells so that they are able to recognise cancer. A method is also being devised to shut off the CRISPR system once it’s done its job so it shouldn’t make any extra, unwanted genetic alterations.

2. The Earth’s core has its own jet stream
Satellites from the European Space Agency (ESA) have discovered a ‘jet stream’ deep inside the Earth. Lying 3,000 kilometres below the surface of Alaska and Siberia, the stream carries liquid metal half way around the planet at a speed of 40 kilometres a year. The 420-kilometre wide stream was found by three Swarm satellites during an ESA study on the Earth’s magnetic field.

3. Salamanders go the extra mile to find a mate
Small-mouthed salamanders travel almost nine kilometres on average in order to reproduce, risking death and dehydration. Scientists tested the amphibian’s endurance on small treadmills and found that smallmouthed salamanders were able to last four-times longer than those of a closely related group, which use cloning to reproduce. Some managed to walk on the treadmill for two hours, an impressive show of stamina similar to a human jogging 120 kilometres.

4. Next-gen air-con could beam heat into space
Radioactive cooling is an extremely efficient version of air conditioning. By using a thermal emitter, physicists radiated heat out from Earth and into space. The emitter was placed in a vacuum chamber and directed at a clear sky. After 30 minutes, the emitter temperature fell by 40 degrees Celsius. This method could be used in the future to help chill medicines

5. Monkeys would be able to talk if their brain structure was different
Research has found that macaques have vocal tracts capable of speech. X-rays of a macaque eating and yawning showed they have the anatomy to make vowel sounds but lack the brainpower to do so.

6. Moon colonists could live in lava tubes
Below the Moon’s surface lie huge caverns formed by dried up molten rock from ancient volcanoes. Up to five kilometres in diameter, these subterranean cavities could be used to house future colonies. The tubes were spotted after small variations in the Moon’s gravitational pull were noticed, and if colonised, could protect potential settlers from radiation, harsh temperatures and meteor strikes.

7. The brain actively filters out background noise
Known as the ‘cocktail party effect’, the brain uses selective hearing to concentrate on one conversation.
Auditory tests using electrodes measured the difference in brain activity when exposed to incomprehensible speech followed by clear conversation.

8. Ants are intelligent enough to use tools
Hungarian scientists supplied ants with honey and water and a range of tools in which to carry them back to their nest. After experimenting with each tool, the ants learned to use sponges and paper to best soak up the liquid and transport it home.

9. Time spent outside is good for your eyes
Recent reports suggest rising rates of nearsightedness in children are down to too much time being spent indoors. By concentrating on brightly lit close-up objects like ebooks and smartphones, children’s eyes don’t have the opportunity to focus on distant objects, possibly making the onset of myopia more rapid. Experts believe this can be effectively combated by spending more time outdoors.

10. Killifish have adapted to survive toxic pollution levels
A species of fish has managed to withstand water contaminated with industrial waste. Atlantic killifish cells mutated until the correct genetic combination effectively protected cells from the toxins. The fish subsequently became up to 8,000 times more resistant to the harmful substances. The killifish’s ability to quickly change its genes was the key to so many being able to survive.

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มีนาคม 25, 2017, 02:02:53 AM
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TOP 10 EXTREME ANIMAL SURVIVORS
From scorching deserts to frozen ice caps, dizzying mountains and deep sea trenches, these animals have found ways to survive in the deadliest environments on Earth
source Matt Ayres

1. Camel
Where water is rare, camels thrive Ask people what camels store in their humps, and many will tell you that it’s water. But contrary to the common myth, the protrusions on camels’ backs have nothing to do with keeping these gangly mammals hydrated. Camel humps are simply stores of fat, which they use to fuel
their bodies when food is scarce. As for getting enough water, camels call upon a wealth of impressive adaptations to keep their bodies from drying out in the arid desert. Unlike humans, camels barely sweat at all – their thick coats help to insulate their bodies in the scorching sun, so they can withstand temperatures up to 49 degrees Celsius (120 degrees Fahrenheit) without losing excessive water through their sweat glands. And while other mammals expel moisture in their breath, the camel’s nostrils have evolved to trap water vapour and reabsorb it into the body. When they do get a chance to drink, camels really go for it – an average-sized, 600-kilogram (1,300 pound) camel can consume 200 litres in around three minutes. Other mammals might rupture their blood cells by drinking so much, but the camel’s unusual oval-shaped blood cells mean they’re capable of withstanding extreme variations in water content.

2. Rat
Never underestimate the common rat Whether you love or loathe rats, there’s no denying their phenomenal survival skills. These rodents are made of tough stuff: they’ve been known to survive getting flushed down the toilet and falling from heights equivalent to fi ve stories. Rats can also survive the nuclear fallout from atomic bombs, as witnessed in roof rats on the nuclear testing ground of Enewetak Atoll. The rat’s anatomy seems designed to inhabit almost any environment – it is able to swim in open ocean, climb vertical walls, leap several times its body length, and bite through thick concrete or metal to find a safe place to live.

It’s therefore no surprise that humans find it difficult to keep rats out of their homes. The cunning critters might scale your walls and sneak through cracks in the roof, gnaw through narrow holes in your brickwork or arrive in your toilet bowl by swimming through sewage pipes. But before you begin your anti-rat crusade, consider that these rodents are also some of the most intelligent and affectionate animals around. Pet rats love to play with their owners – like dogs, they can learn their names and be taught tricks.
African giant pouched rats have even been trained to sniff out human hazards, from
land mines to tuberculosis

3. Gannet
Seabirds that survive terrifying dive bombs While the term ‘gannet’ often refers to someone who scoffs
an excessive amount of food in a short amount of time, these mighty sea birds are more than mere gluttons. As the UK’s largest sea bird, it’s true that gannets are capable of eating large quantities of fish. However, it’s the method they use to catch their prey that means they should be considered among nature’s most extreme survivors.

Gannets hunt by turning their bodies into sleek, seafaring missiles – once they reach an altitude of 30 metres (98 feet), the birds angle their bodies downward and dart towards the water at terrific speed, reaching 97 kilometres (60 miles) per hour before they hit the surface. While most birds would be injured by the impact of such a daring dive, gannets’ faces and chests are equipped with air sacs that cushion their entry. The extra momentum allows them to pursue their prey into deeper water than most birds.

4. Guanaco
Llama-like masters of mountaineering Along with llamas and alpacas, guanacos are related to camels. They can therefore survive for long periods without water. In fact, guanacos living in the Atacama Desert, Chile, rarely drink at all, getting all the moisture they need by consuming water absorbent plants such as cacti
and lichens. But it’s not just a lack of water that guanacos have to worry about. These mammals are
frequently found in the steep, mountainous regions of South America, at breathtaking altitudes reaching up to 4,000 metres (13,100 feet) above sea level. In order to traverse these treacherous cliffs and sheer slopes, guanacos have broad, two-toed feet, which provide them with excellent balance.

Oxygen levels are dangerously low in this lofty environment, so the guanaco has adapted to make the most of the available air particles. Its blood is rich in red blood cells, containing four-times the number found in human blood. A single teaspoon of guanaco blood contains approximately 68 billion red blood cells, each
packed with haemoglobin that helps to carry oxygen around the animal’s body. Life in the mountains can be bitterly cold, so the guanaco’s shaggy coat is another essential tool, preventing rain from chilling their skin.

5. Cockroach
Nuclear apocalypse? No problem for cockroaches Tough, adaptable and super resilient, cockroaches are among the most impressive survivors of the insect world. Tests have shown that these much-maligned bugs are capable of surviving powerful radioactive rays, meaning that in the event of a worldwide nuclear war, cockroaches could potentially outlive humans.

Another reason for the cockroach’s hardy reputation is the species’ ability to quickly adjust its instincts in response to environmental factors. For example, some populations of cockroaches have learned to avoid sugary bait, which is commonly mixed with poison to exterminate roach nests.

An aversion to sweet tastes has since passed through cockroach generations, eff ectively leading the insects to evolve in a matter of years and thus increasing their chances of survival. Perhaps most amazingly of all, cockroaches can live for weeks without a head. Cockroaches can continue scuttling
around long a  er being decapitated, breathing through spiracles in their bodies. However, without a head they are unable to eat, so they eventually die of starvation.

6. Dung beetle
These industrious insects dine on dung
Being a true survivor means taking advantage of whatever food is available. Insects are particularly unfussy when it comes to what they eat – one species has become famous for indulging in the most rancid meal imaginable.

Dung beetles are coprophagous animals, meaning that they feast on faeces. In fact, they gorge on the stuff, doing everything they can to get their segmented legs on a fresh portion. Some roll the dung into balls and push them back to their burrows; others bury it where they can find it later for a more immediate meal, or simply live in piles of manure to avoid the strenuous task of hauling it around with them.

Dung rolling is hard – some scarab species are capable of pushing balls over 1,000-times their weight. This makes them the strongest animal on Earth in comparison to body weight. Imagine tugging six double-decker buses on your own, and you’ll get an idea of their strength.

7. Polar bear
Arctic survivors that embrace the cold
The Arctic is one of Earth’s most famously hostile environments, so it’s fitting that its most famous inhabitant is an animal built for survival. Polar bears are the biggest bears in the world, and the only ones capable of surviving in the Arctic’s icy climes. Temperatures here can drop to -50 degrees Celsius
(-58 degrees Fahrenheit) in winter.

To cope with such frosty weather, the polar bear is equipped with two layers of fur: a thick thermal undercoat of dense hair, and an outer coat of longer guard hairs to prevent ice and water from reaching their skin. Beneath their coats, polar bears have a thick layer of body fat, which serves as extra
insulation and an energy reserve for long periods without food. This means polar bears are very good at fasting – they can survive for an incredible ten months without food.

Despite their survival skills, climate change remains a constant threat; polar bears are classified as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.

8. Emperor penguin
These blubbery birds team up to tackle life in Antarctica Emperor penguins rule the vast wilderness of Antarctica. Like other birds, penguins have densely packed feathers to keep them warm. However, the best defence emperor penguins have against the cold is a thick layer of fat under their skin.

This is particularly useful when braving the icy water. While other sea birds can only remain submerged for short periods, emperor penguins can stay in the bitterly cold Antarctic water for 20 minutes. They can also dive deeper than any other bird, reaching depths of 565 metres (1,850 feet).

There’s safety in numbers, as well as warmth. With little shelter from the elements, these penguins huddle together in their thousands to conserve heat. This technique is vital in the middle of winter, as the males
are left to incubate their eggs through snowstorms and subzero temperatures. Without huddling, a single emperor penguin would burn through twice the amount of body fat to stay warm.

9. Wood frog
Unassuming amphibians who freeze themselves to survive winter Frogs aren’t obvious winter animals, but one North American variety has overcome its aversion to cold weather by adopting a rather extreme survival strategy: freezing itself alive.

The wood frog, which can be found in cold northern states such as Alaska, is a famously freeze-tolerant creature capable of surviving for weeks on end with 65 per cent of its body frozen solid. During this time, the frog’s body grinds to a halt, with basic functions such as breathing and circulation entering a state
of limbo. When the weather warms up, the wood frog thaws out and continues life as normal, suffering no ill effects.

The trick is made possible thanks to cryoprotectants: chemicals in the frog’s body that prevent cell tissues from shrinking and drying out when exposed to extreme temperatures. Scientists studying wood frogs believe that similar chemicals could be used to freeze human organs for transplantation.

10. Tardigrade
Meet the most resilient animal on Earth They may not look particularly exciting, but tardigrades (also known as water bears or moss piglets) have the distinct honour of being Earth’s most extreme survivors. These microscopic creatures are 0.5 millimetres (0.02 inches) long when fully grown, and can be found in a diverse range of habitats, from the tops of mountains to the deepest depths of the ocean.

With the ability to survive boiling hot and freezing cold temperatures, withstand pressures 6,000-times stronger than the planet’s atmosphere, and survive devastating doses of radiation, the tardigrade is one seriously tough cookie. The tiny critters can even survive in the lifeless vacuum of space – something no other animal has been able to do.

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กันยายน 11, 2017, 01:37:49 AM
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CANNIBALISM and Serial Murder

CANNIBALISM and Serial Murder

Throughout history, many cultures have sanctioned and ritualized the consumption of human flesh, but cannibalism is generally banned today, since its practice requires either homicide or desecration of corpses (a criminal offense in most American jurisdictions). Still,
as bizarre as it seems in modern society, cannibalism is not particularly rare among serial killers, particularly those driven by sexual or sadistic MOTIVES.

Indeed, it has always been so. In ancient Mexico, where Aztecs sacrificed and cannibalized an estimated 15,000 victims yearly, Emperor Moctezuma was said to prefer dining on the same young boys he chose to share his bed. Cannibal killer ALBERT FISH also preferred the
flesh of children, while California’s EDMUND KEMPER devoured parts of at least two female victims, later terming the act a means of “possessing” them forever. The “CHICAGO RIPPERS,” four young Satanists, habitually severed and devoured the breasts of women they abducted, raped, and killed.

Cannibalism is not always a sexual act. For some, it may be a survival technique. Millions starved to death in Russia during the 1930s while Josef Stalin communized the nation’s agricultural system, and the tragedy was repeated 20 years later under Mao Zedong in the
People’s Republic of China. In both countries, many cases of cannibalism were reported (including parents who devoured their own children), but authorities responded in very different ways. Soviet officials executed an unknown number of cannibals, while sentencing some 350 others to life imprisonment; Chinese leaders, on the other hand, sometimes applauded acts of homicide and cannibalism, especially where the victims were members of the “reactionary” old guard. In Russia, at least one case of serial murder and cannibalism was also reported from Leningrad during the long Nazi siege, but details are elusive thanks to Soviet censorship. (Perhaps significantly, Russian slayer ANDREI CHIKATILO blamed his own forays into cannibalism on childhood stories concerning his older brother, allegedly murdered and eaten during the famine of the 1930s.)

There is at least one case on record of serial murder and cannibalism committed as acts of revenge. Embittered at the murder of his wife by members of the Crow Indian tribe, trapper John Johnston waged a ruthless vendetta in the Colorado Rockies, killing scores of tribesmen and devouring their still-warm livers, raw, as a gesture of contempt. When Hollywood tackled his story a century later, handsome Robert Redford took the lead as Jeremiah Johnson, a romantic hero, with no trace of “Liver-eating Johnston” to be found on-screen.

Reports of cannibalism flourished in the 1990s, perhaps because of the subject’s sensational nature. In October 1997, Ugandan police arrested Ssande Sserwadda, accused by his wife of cannibalism. In custody, Sserwadda freely admitted the charge, reporting that he learned the practice from his parents. He told the court, “We are a family of cannibals, we always have been, and I feel queasy if I go too long without tasting human meat. But just because we like to eat human flesh, does that mean we’re bad people?” Sserwadda admitted eating seven corpses in the past year, then added that his brother “is the really greedy one. He’s eaten dozens.” Presuming that Sserwadda dined on corpses without committing murder, the court sentenced him to three years in prison. He shocked the judge by asking if he could take a human leg, introduced as evidence at trial in 2001, to prison with him for a snack. “It’s still got plenty of meat on it. It’s a shame to let it go to waste.” In Nigeria, authorities jailed two alleged cannibals at Lagos, in February 1999. The suspects, identified as Clifford Orji and Tahiru, lived beneath a local bridge and were accused by neighbors of supplying human organs to black-magic practitioners. Raiders found the pair grilling parts of a fresh corpse, and seized the flesh and various bones as evidence. A police spokesman accused Orji and Tahiru of murdering women, and claimed they preferred “young, fine girls with long hair.” No disposition for that case was available at press time, but new reports of widespread cannibalism emerged from the neighboring Congo region in 2003. There, dwindling tribes of pygmies complained to the United Nations that rural guerrillas regularly killed and devoured members of their race, driving their people toward extinction. Reports published in Europe, during August 2003, described mobile armies of “child soldiers” dragooned by their elders to fight in a long-running civil war, subsisting on flesh from their slain enemies as they prowled the countryside.

Modern Asia has no shortage of cannibalism reports. In January 2001, Western journalists revealed that human flesh (dubbed saram hoki) was sold in the marketplace at famine-blighted Hoeroung, North Korea. Films and photographs supported the claim, depicting parts of a dismembered child in one cooking pot. Reporter Carla Garapedian told the world, “All of the North Koreans we interviewed knew about it.” North Korean officials declined to comment. A year later, in March 2002, authorities in Hyderabad, India, alleged that members of “a nameless sect” consumed human flesh as part of a puja ritual designed to help them find hidden treasure. No charges were filed in that case, but several alleged cannibals were reportedly slain by their neighbors on suspicion of practicing evil magic.

Eastern Europe has produced its share of cannibals in recent years. Ilshat Kuzikov, a 37-year-old resident of St. Petersburg, Russia, was convicted in March 1997 of killing and devouring at least three male acquaintances since 1992. Officers who raided his home found dried ears hanging on the walls and soft-drink bottles filled with human blood. Four years later, in April 2001, authorities in Chisinau, Moldova, arrested two women for selling human organs in the city’s marketplace. A full-scale investigation was announced, but its results are presently unknown. Four Ukrainians were jailed at Kiev in July 2002, charged with killing a teenage girl and devouring her body. Police claimed that the prisoners, including three men and a woman, had killed at least six victims for their flesh. The latest kidnapping had also involved an abortive $3,000 ransom demand. Detectives found “several books on black magic” at one suspect’s home, suggesting that the murders sprang from Satanism. Once again, no disposition of the case has been reported.


Across the Atlantic, accused cannibal Dorangel Vargas was arrested by police in San Crist?bal, Venezuela, in February 1999. A former mental patient who was briefly held on similar charges in 1995, Vargas confessed to murdering and eating 10 men over the past two years. “Sure I eat people,” he told reporters. “Anyone can eat human flesh, but you have to wash and garnish it well to avoid diseases.” Notwithstanding those admissions and the reported discovery of human remains at his home, some observers defended Vargas as a hapless “scapegoat,” allegedly framed by illicit organ-traffickers. No judgment in the Vargas case had been announced by press time for this volume. On April 14, 2001, police in Kansas City, Kansas, charged 21-year-old Marc Sappington with murdering and cannibalizing three men over the past week. Dismembered remains of one victim, 16-year-old Alton Brown, were found in Sappington’s basement. Held in lieu of $2 million bond, Sappington was examined for psychiatric abnormalities by analysts who reported his fascination with Milwaukee cannibal-killer JEFFREY DAHMER. After being certified as sane, Sappington faced trial in July 2004. Jurors convicted him across the board, on three counts of murder plus one count each of kidnapping and aggravated burglary.

In 2004, European authorities announced their discovery of an Internet cannibal network that “links maneaters from Austria to America.” That revelation emerged from the murder trial of German defendant Armin Meiwes, a cannibal who advertised online for a “young well-built man who wants to be eaten” and thus met Bernd-Jurgen Brandes, whom he killed and devoured in 2001. Defense attorneys for Meiwes submitted that he should be freed because Brandes volunteered to be slain and consumed. Jurors convicted Meiwes on a reduced charge of manslaughter, sending him to prison for eight and a half years, but police were more concerned with evidence that two more victims may have been eaten in Europe. German criminologist Rudolf Egg told reporters, “There are several hundred people with cannibalistic tendencies in Germany alone, and many thousands around the world.” Inspector Isolde Stock announced that Meiwes’s e-mail correspondence with members of various “cannibal forums” would fill two large trucks if it were printed out. The haul included several thousand photos of nude men, downloaded from the prisoner’s computers, in addition to scenes of torture.

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กันยายน 11, 2017, 01:40:32 AM
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45 best Android games

45 best Android games

The best Android games for your phone or tablet

1. Star Wars: Uprising



Free
With Star Wars all the rage the Galaxy needs a new hero in the fight against the Empire. Take part in Sector Battles, create your own character, and play real-time co-op.

2. Despicable Me



Free
If you love those little yellow things you’ll love Minion Rush. Jump, roll, dodge and scramble to collect bananas in this cute runner game.

3. Crossy Road



Free
Why did the chicken cross the road? Never mind that, why didn’t you? We love this hopper game, and so will you.

4. Fallout Shelter



Free
Fallout fans will love Shelter, a mobile game that gives you complete control over your very own Vault, and the citizens that reside in it. Can you keep your Dwellers happy, fed and protected from the dangers of the outside world in this post-apocalyptic adventure?

5. WordBrain



Free
“Even the smartest word game enthusiasts will have a real challenge to complete this game. In fact: only very few have!” That’s all the encouragement we need: the challenge is on to become a word master in this headscratchingly difficult hiddenword
game.

6. Minecraft



Pocket Edition
?4.99
Construction sim with endless possibilities. This infinite box of Legos has the very real potential to eat your life before your eyes.

7. Alphabear



Free
Oh now this is supercute. You spell out words and bears appear. Longer words equal bigger bears and even more cuteness.

8. Spider-Man



Unlimited
Free
Recruit an army of heroes in the Spider-Verse and take on the Sinister Six. This action-packed arcade game will keep you entertained for hours.

9. Clash of Clans



Free
Form the ultimate Clan with your own army of Barbarians, Archers, Hog Riders, Wizards and more, then defend your village and take down the Goblin King.

10. Lego Ninjago



Tournament
Free
Ninjas, it’s time to enter Master Chen’s Tournament of Elements. You must use your training to take on Elemental Masters, and the more you win the stronger you become.

11. Monopoly



?1.49
Who doesn’t love Monopoly? If you answered “me”, go directly to jail. YOU WILL NOT COLLECT ?200.

12. Table Tennis Touch



79p
It’s not a freebie, but stunning graphics make Table Tennis Touch worth the download. Even more so if you like Ping Pong.

13. Sim City Build It



Free
A realistic city-builder that lets you create an environment in which your citizens will thrive, and trade resources with friends online. Just when you think life is going good, real-life challenges will keep you on your toes.

14. Plants vs Zombies 2



Free
Plants vs Zombies is the tower defence game loved by all, and the sequel is much more of the same zombie- and super-plant goodness.

15. First Touch Soccer 2015



Free
There are loads of football games for Android, but if you don’t want to pay a penny First Touch Soccer is a great choice.

16. Walking Dead: Road to Survival
Free
TellTale’s Walking Dead series is not to be missed, but this alternative is a turnbased RPG that focuses on the original comic books over the TV series, and in which your decisions will determine who lives and who dies. Kicking off at Woodbury, can you take on The Governor?

17. The Room Two
?1.99
Physical puzzles in a beautifully-realised 3D world make this somewhat unsettling sequel a joy to play.

18. Lara Croft Go
?3.99
Explore the ruins of an ancient civilisation and face deadly challenges in this turn-based adventure game. More than 75 puzzles are split into five chapters.

19. Bad Piggies
Free
From the makers of Angry Birds, Bad Piggies is an addictive and challenging puzzle game, with some action thrown in to add to the fun.

20. Temple Run 2
Free
A hugely popular runner game for Android, Temple Run 2 sees you navigate perilous terrain as you attempt to escape with the cursed idol. However far you can get, it won’t be far enough.

21. Monument Valley
?2.99
Supremely calming puzzler with innovative perspective-based gameplay. More soothing than an opiate-spiked Horlicks.

22. Jetpack Joyride
Free
Mission-driven progression and a range of crazy gadgets, jetpacks, vehicles, achievements and character customisation add replay value to the simple controls and repetitive nature of Barry Steakfries’ endless journey in Jetpack Joyride.

23. Angry Birds
Free
Just because it’s old doesn’t make it bad: this list would never be complete without this mobile gaming classic.

24. Ridiculous Fishing
?1.99
“A handcrafted game about fishing with guns, chainsaws & toasters.” SOLD.

25. Super Hexagon
?1.99
Frantic shape-based avoidance game. Punishing difficulty set to a rather wonderful electronic score.

26. Threes!
Free
Potently addictive, simple yet full of strategic depth, Threes is based on a set of numbered tiles that you manipulate around a four-by-four board. There are blue ones, and pinky twos, and you jam these into each other to make white threes. Everything else is a multiple of three created by joining two matching white tiles. Two plus one equals three. Three plus three equals six. Six plus six equals 12. You get the picture.

27. Flow Free
Free
Addictive colour matching fun that is equal parts frustration and satisfaction. Attempt to reach the goal in as few moves as possible.

28. Sonic Dash
Free
The lovable blue spikey-haired hedgehog returns in this endless runner game for Android. Dash, jump and spin through levels collecting rings, dodging spikes and ultimately climbing the leader boards.

29. Dumb Ways
To Die 2
Free
Warioware-style mini games abound in this free gigglefest. Fun, quickfire action, with entertaining deaths aplenty.

30. Words With
Friends
Free
Words With Friends is in essence Scrabble, played with friends at your own pace. And you get to show them how much more intelligent you are than them. A no-brainer.

31. Call Of Duty: Heroes
Free
This 3D combat strategy game has you customise your base and train elite forces to wipe out enemies in fierce battle. Plus: create deadly alliances with your friends, competing for in-game rewards.

32. Riptide GP2
?1.59
Rocket-powered hydro jets and futuristic race tracks make Riptide GP2 a fast, fun, and visually stunning racing experience.

33. Cut The Rope: Time Travel
Free
Cut the Rope: Time Travel is a new adventure filled with time-travelling, candycrunching, physicsbased action. Help Om Nom feed his ancestors as you play through the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, a Pirate Ship, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, the Stone Age, Disco Era, Wild West, Asian Dynasty, Industrial Revolution and the Future. Great for kids, too.

34. Beach Buggy Blitz
Free
A fun driving game in which you collect power-ups and performance-boosting upgrades, unlock new vehicles and collect new characters. Awesome fun and great graphics make Beach Buggy Blitz an easy download.

35. Machinarium
?3.99
Josef the robot is on a mission to save girlfriend Berta from the Blackcap Brotherhood in this award-winning adventure game.

36. Hitman GO
?3.99
Agent 47’s latest outing is a quasi-board game that plays like the leadup to a game of Cluedo. Initially odd, but ultimately rewarding.

37. Marvel Contest of Champions
Free
If you love your superheroes and fighting games then you’ll love Contest of Champions. Level up characters and build your own team of champions in this graphically stunning fighter game.

38. Thomas Was Alone
?3.99
Satisfying special gameplay takes second place to the compelling writing and characterization. You’ll never care more about a bunch of squares.

39. Badland
Free
Gorgeous sidescrolling, jump-based platformer, and winner of three awards. Worth downloading for the stunning visuals alone.

40. Grand Theft Auto San Andreas
?3.99
Rockstar has retooled its genre-defining franchise for Android, and you can pick up GTA III, Vice City and San Andreas for criminally good gaming wherever you go.

41. Criminal Case
Free
Are you ready to test your detective skills? This is a hidden object game with an actual storyline: investigate crime scenes for clues and help the Police of Grimsborough crack murder cases.

42. Modern Combat 5 Blackout
Free
Gameloft’s answer to Call of Duty on the PC or consoles, Modern Combat 5: Blackout is a meaty game which includes both singleand multiplayer modes.

43. Goat Simulator
?3.99
What started out as an Internet joke has now landed on Android. Play as a goat and wreck as much stuff as possible in this fantastic mess of a game.

44. Crazy Taxi City Rush
Free
Crazy Taxi City Rush rewards you for insane driving as you race around doing whatever it takes to get your passengers to their destination on time.

45. You Must Build A Boat
?1.99
Sequel to 10000000, this builds on the original tile-matching puzzle meets running game with a boat. You have to build it, assemble a crew, and explore whatever dungeons you pass as you float down river.

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กันยายน 11, 2017, 01:40:53 AM
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CANNIBALISM SERIAL KILLER
CANNIBALISM SERIAL KILLER

Ever since the Stone Age, human beings have indulged in cannibalism, either for dietary or ritual reasons. The prehistoric hominids known as Homo erectus enjoyed supping on the brains of their fellow cavemen. Aborigines throughout the world, from New Zealand to North America, routinely devoured the hearts of enemy warriors as a way of absorbing their courage. Ceremonial cannibalism was a central feature of the Aztec religion. And Fijians consumed human flesh (which they called puaka balava or “long pig”) just because they liked its taste.

In the Judeo-Christian tradition, however, cannibalism is regarded with such intense abhorrence that when faced with a choice between eating other humans or starving to death, some people have opted for the latter. (This was the case, for example, with several survivors of the famous 1972 plane crash that stranded a party of young Uruguayans in the high Andes.) As a result, of all the horrors associated with serial killer, cannibalism strikes many people as the worst. When Thomas Harris, author of The Silence of the Lambs, set out to create the most monstrous serial killer imaginable, the result was Dr. Lecter, aka “Hannibal the Cannibal,” whose idea of a gourmet meal is human liver with fava beans and a nice Chianti on the side.

In point of fact, however, real-life cannibal killers are relatively few and far between. For reasons that can only be surmised, Germany has produced a disproportionately high percentage of twentieth-century people eaters. During the social chaos of the 1920s, the hideously depraved Fritz Haarmann slaughtered as many as fifty young boys, dined on their flesh, then sold the leftovers as black-market beef. His equally degenerate countryman Georg Grossmann also supplemented his income by peddling human flesh, though his preferred victims were plump young females, whose meat he made into sausages. Yet another postwar German cannibal was Karl Denke, an innkeeper who killed and consumed at least thirty of his lodgers.

At about the same time in America, the sadomasochistic madman Albert Fish was roaming the country, preying on small boys and girls. He was finally executed for the abduction-murder of a pretty twelve-year-old named Grace Budd, parts of whose body he made into a stew. In recent years, the “Milwaukee Monster,” Jeffrey Dahmer, has served as a grotesque reminder that the forbidden urge to consume human flesh may still lurk beneath the surface of supposedly civilized life.

Appalling as they were, Dahmer’s crimes were outstripped by the Russian “Mad Beast,” Andrei Chikatilo, who—with a confirmed body count of fifty-two victims—holds the record as the worst serial killer of modern times. Among his countless atrocities, Chikatilo devoured the genitals of some of his victims—a practice that left him (according to his captors) with a telltale case of bizarre halitosis.

A cannibalistic contemporary of Chikatilo and Dahmer was Arthur Shawcross, whose wildly sadistic tendencies first found free play in the jungles of Vietnam, where (according to his own account) he raped, slaughtered, and cannibalized two peasant women during an army combat mission. Shawcross’s subsequent career of psychopathic violence included the murder of a ten-year-old boy whose genitals he devoured, and the strangulation of a string of prostitutes whose bodies he dumped in the woods in upstate New York. Occasionally, he would sneak back to the body weeks after the murder, then cut out and eat pieces of the decomposing corpse (a particularly abhorrent form of cannibalism technically known as necrophagy).

During the past twenty-five years or so, there have been a number of appalling cannibal killers who might well have become full-fledged serial murderers if they hadn’t been arrested after committing a single atrocity. These include Albert Fentress, a former schoolteacher in Poughkeepsie, New York, who, in the summer of 1979, lured an eighteen-year-old boy into his basement, cut off and ate the victim’s penis, then shot him to death; Issei Sagawa, a Japanese national living in Paris who, in 1981, killed his girlfriend, had sex with her corpse, then dismembered and ate parts of her body; Daniel Rakowitz, who likewise murdered and dismembered his girlfriend, then boiled her into a soup which he allegedly served to homeless people on New York’s Lower East Side in 1989; and Peter Bryan, a British schizophrenic arrested in 2004 after killing a friend and frying his brain for consumption.

Most bizarre of all is undoubtedly Armin Meiwes, a middle-aged German computer technician who, in 2001, advertised for a victim willing to be slaughtered and consumed (see Ads). When a forty-three-year-old man named Bernd-J?rgen Brandes showed up in response to this Internet posting, Meiwes—with Brandes’s full approval—sliced off the latter’s penis. The two men then shared a meal of the severed organ. Brandes was then stabbed to death, dismembered, and frozen for future consumption.

Meiwes was arrested shortly thereafter. Since Germany has no laws against cannibalism, he was charged with murder “for sexual satisfaction” and “disturbing the peace of the dead.” His attorney at his 2004 trial attempted to argue that since Brandes consented (indeed, eagerly cooperated) in his own death, the case should be classified as a mercy killing. The court was not convinced. Meiwes was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to eight and a half years in prison, though in April 2005, prosecutors—objecting to the leniency of the sentence—won an appeal for a retrial.

Despite Meiwes’s claim that he had gotten his cannibalistic urges out of his system—“I had my big kick and I don’t need to do it again,” he declared—there is reason to doubt his word. Certainly, if he had chosen to indulge his unnatural appetites a second time, he would have had a varied menu to choose from. At his trial, a state police inspector testified that Meiwes’s computer files showed that his ad had drawn responses from 204 applicants looking to be his next meal.

In the realm of serial-killer cinema, cannibalism features prominently in Tobe Hooper’s splatter classic The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, about a family of deranged good ol’ boys who turn unwary teens into barbeque. Like Psycho and The Silence of the Lambs, Hooper’s movie was inspired by the crimes of Edward Gein. Ostensibly, investigators found unmistakable signs of cannibalism in Gein’s horror house—a human heart in a frying pan, a refrigerator stocked with paper-wrapped body parts. This allegation, however, was just one of many hysterical rumors that floated around in the wake of his crimes. Though Ghoulish Gein committed all sorts of unspeakable acts, cannibalism was apparently not one of them. He did, however, enjoy eating baked beans from a bowl made out of a human cranium.

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